The political impasse that has paralyzed Haiti is sending its economy deeper into recession, with 4.6 million people needing humanitarian aid — and there is no immediate end in sight, the U.N. envoy for Haiti said Thursday.
Helen La Lime told the U.N. Security Council that the Western Hemisphere’s poorest country is about to enter a second year with a caretaker government. She warned that the effects of the strained economy and prolonged political polarization “risk further affecting the integrity and effectiveness of key institutions, such as the Haitian National Police.”
To avoid further deterioration, she said, Haitian leaders must “rise to the occasion and commit to a way out of this impasse that will best serve the interests of their people.”
Haiti has been roiled by street protests and economic stagnation for much of President Jovenal Moïse’s nearly three years in office as opposition leaders demand his departure. They say he has mismanaged the economy and failed to prosecute years of unbridled corruption that siphoned billions in international aid into bank accounts overseas.
His opponents have failed, and Haiti’s parliament shut down in January because of the chaos, eliminating the check on presidential power that paralyzed Moise for years. He is now ruling by executive order.
La Lime said she has worked alongside the special representative of the Organization of American States and the Apostolic Nuncio in Haiti to try to create an environment that would resolve the crisis and “catalyze a reform effort aimed at restoring the population’s confidence in the state.”
That would mean ensuring that the most vulnerable people receive much-needed basic services and laying the groundwork for timely elections, she said.
During two rounds of negotiations in mid-December and late January, La Lime said, a consensus emerged around a political agreement with four elements — criteria for forming a government, contents of a reform agenda, sequencing of a constitutional reform process, and defining an electoral calendar.
Despite progress, La Lime said, “political actors have yet to settle on a formula that would lead to the designation by President Moise of a consensual prime minister and the formation of a new government.”
She said the lack of agreement on this, and on the remaining length of Moise’s term, “threatens to needlessly prolong a situation that has already lasted too long.”
Even with a political agreement, La Lime said, “the road towards improved governance through systemic reform will be arduous” because of entrenched factors including high levels of poverty, pervasive gender inequality, limited access to social services, severe depletion of natural resoures and “the scourge of gangs, corruption and impunity.”
She addressed the council two days after the United Nations issued a scathing report that accused Haitian police of not protecting an impoverished neighborhood from corrupt officers and gang leaders that they said shot at people and set fire to homes and cars in a three-day attack.
The report urged local authorities to prosecute those responsible for the violence that erupted in November in the Bel Air neighborhood, a largely pro-opposition community in the capital of Port-au-Prince known for organizing anti-government protests.
La Lime noted the report by the U.N. political mission that she heads and the U.N. human rights office also makes recommendations to authorities on how to improve justice for victims, provide accountability and curb criminal gangs.
“Only through a combination of strong national will and steadfast international support can Haiti surmount the multifaceted crisis with which it is contending,” she said.